dbus.bus module

class dbus.bus.BusConnection(address_or_type=0, mainloop=None)

Bases: dbus.connection.Connection

A connection to a D-Bus daemon that implements the org.freedesktop.DBus pseudo-service.

Since

0.81.0

ProxyObjectClass

alias of dbus.proxies.ProxyObject

START_REPLY_ALREADY_RUNNING = 2
START_REPLY_SUCCESS = 1
TYPE_SESSION = 0

Represents a session bus (same as the global dbus.BUS_SESSION)

TYPE_STARTER = 2

Represents the bus that started this service by activation (same as the global dbus.BUS_STARTER)

TYPE_SYSTEM = 1

Represents the system bus (same as the global dbus.BUS_SYSTEM)

activate_name_owner(bus_name)

Return the unique name for the given bus name, activating it if necessary and possible.

If the name is already unique or this connection is not to a bus daemon, just return it.

Returns

a bus name. If the given bus_name exists, the returned name identifies its current owner; otherwise the returned name does not exist.

Raises DBusException

if the implementation has failed to activate the given bus name.

Since

0.81.0

add_match_string(rule)

Arrange for this application to receive messages on the bus that match the given rule. This version will block.

Parameters
rulestr

The match rule

Raises DBusExceptionDBusException

on error.

Since

0.80.0

add_match_string_non_blocking(rule)

Arrange for this application to receive messages on the bus that match the given rule. This version will not block, but any errors will be ignored.

Parameters
rulestr

The match rule

Raises DBusExceptionDBusException

on error.

Since

0.80.0

add_message_filter(callable)

Add the given message filter to the internal list.

Filters are handlers that are run on all incoming messages, prior to the objects registered to handle object paths.

Filters are run in the order that they were added. The same handler can be added as a filter more than once, in which case it will be run more than once. Filters added during a filter callback won’t be run on the message being processed.

add_signal_receiver(handler_function, signal_name=None, dbus_interface=None, bus_name=None, path=None, **keywords)

Arrange for the given function to be called when a signal matching the parameters is received.

Parameters
handler_functioncallable

The function to be called. Its positional arguments will be the arguments of the signal. By default it will receive no keyword arguments, but see the description of the optional keyword arguments below.

signal_namestr

The signal name; None (the default) matches all names

dbus_interfacestr

The D-Bus interface name with which to qualify the signal; None (the default) matches all interface names

bus_namestr

A bus name for the sender, which will be resolved to a unique name if it is not already; None (the default) matches any sender.

pathstr

The object path of the object which must have emitted the signal; None (the default) matches any object path

Keywords
utf8_stringsbool

If True, the handler function will receive any string arguments as dbus.UTF8String objects (a subclass of str guaranteed to be UTF-8). If False (default) it will receive any string arguments as dbus.String objects (a subclass of unicode).

byte_arraysbool

If True, the handler function will receive any byte-array arguments as dbus.ByteArray objects (a subclass of str). If False (default) it will receive any byte-array arguments as a dbus.Array of dbus.Byte (subclasses of: a list of ints).

sender_keywordstr

If not None (the default), the handler function will receive the unique name of the sending endpoint as a keyword argument with this name.

destination_keywordstr

If not None (the default), the handler function will receive the bus name of the destination (or None if the signal is a broadcast, as is usual) as a keyword argument with this name.

interface_keywordstr

If not None (the default), the handler function will receive the signal interface as a keyword argument with this name.

member_keywordstr

If not None (the default), the handler function will receive the signal name as a keyword argument with this name.

path_keywordstr

If not None (the default), the handler function will receive the object-path of the sending object as a keyword argument with this name.

message_keywordstr

If not None (the default), the handler function will receive the dbus.lowlevel.SignalMessage as a keyword argument with this name.

arg…unicode or UTF-8 str

If there are additional keyword parameters of the form argn, match only signals where the nth argument is the value given for that keyword parameter. As of this time only string arguments can be matched (in particular, object paths and signatures can’t).

named_servicestr

A deprecated alias for bus_name.

call_async(bus_name, object_path, dbus_interface, method, signature, args, reply_handler, error_handler, timeout=- 1.0, byte_arrays=False, require_main_loop=True, **kwargs)

Call the given method, asynchronously.

If the reply_handler is None, successful replies will be ignored. If the error_handler is None, failures will be ignored. If both are None, the implementation may request that no reply is sent.

Returns

The dbus.lowlevel.PendingCall.

Since

0.81.0

call_blocking(bus_name, object_path, dbus_interface, method, signature, args, timeout=- 1.0, byte_arrays=False, **kwargs)

Call the given method, synchronously. :Since: 0.81.0

call_on_disconnection(callable)

Arrange for callable to be called with one argument (this Connection object) when the Connection becomes disconnected.

Since

0.83.0

close()

Close the connection.

flush()

Block until the outgoing message queue is empty.

get_is_authenticated() → bool

Return true if this Connection was ever authenticated.

get_is_connected() → bool

Return true if this Connection is connected.

get_name_owner(bus_name)

Return the unique connection name of the primary owner of the given name.

Raises DBusExceptionDBusException

if the bus_name has no owner

Since

0.81.0

get_object(bus_name, object_path, introspect=True, follow_name_owner_changes=False, **kwargs)

Return a local proxy for the given remote object.

Method calls on the proxy are translated into method calls on the remote object.

Parameters
bus_namestr

A bus name (either the unique name or a well-known name) of the application owning the object. The keyword argument named_service is a deprecated alias for this.

object_pathstr

The object path of the desired object

introspectbool

If true (default), attempt to introspect the remote object to find out supported methods and their signatures

follow_name_owner_changesbool

If the object path is a well-known name and this parameter is false (default), resolve the well-known name to the unique name of its current owner and bind to that instead; if the ownership of the well-known name changes in future, keep communicating with the original owner. This is necessary if the D-Bus API used is stateful.

If the object path is a well-known name and this parameter is true, whenever the well-known name changes ownership in future, bind to the new owner, if any.

If the given object path is a unique name, this parameter has no effect.

Returns

a dbus.proxies.ProxyObject

Raises DBusExceptionDBusException

if resolving the well-known name to a unique name fails

get_peer_unix_process_id() → long or None

Get the UNIX process ID at the other end of the connection, if it has been authenticated. Return None if this is a non-UNIX platform or the connection has not been authenticated.

get_peer_unix_user() → long or None

Get the UNIX user ID at the other end of the connection, if it has been authenticated. Return None if this is a non-UNIX platform or the connection has not been authenticated.

get_unique_name() → str

Return this application’s unique name on this bus.

Raises DBusException

if the connection has no unique name yet (for Bus objects this can’t happen, for peer-to-peer connections this means you haven’t called set_unique_name)

get_unix_fd() → int or None

Get the connection’s UNIX file descriptor, if any.

This can be used for SELinux access control checks with getpeercon() for example. Do not read or write to the file descriptor, or try to select() on it.

get_unix_user(bus_name)

Get the numeric uid of the process owning the given bus name.

Parameters
bus_namestr

A bus name, either unique or well-known

Returns

a dbus.UInt32

Since

0.80.0

list_activatable_names()

Return a list of all names that can be activated on the bus.

Returns

a dbus.Array of dbus.UTF8String

Since

0.81.0

list_exported_child_objects(path: str) → list of str

Return a list of the names of objects exported on this Connection as direct children of the given object path.

Each name returned may be converted to a valid object path using dbus.ObjectPath('%s%s%s' % (path, (path != '/' and '/' or ''), name)). For the purposes of this function, every parent or ancestor of an exported object is considered to be an exported object, even if it’s only an object synthesized by the library to support introspection.

list_names()

Return a list of all currently-owned names on the bus.

Returns

a dbus.Array of dbus.UTF8String

Since

0.81.0

name_has_owner(bus_name)

Return True iff the given bus name has an owner on this bus.

Parameters
bus_namestr

The bus name to look up

Returns

a bool

release_name(name)

Release a bus name.

Parameters
namestr

The well-known name to be released

Returns

RELEASE_NAME_REPLY_RELEASED, RELEASE_NAME_REPLY_NON_EXISTENT or RELEASE_NAME_REPLY_NOT_OWNER

Raises DBusExceptionDBusException

if the bus daemon cannot be contacted or returns an error.

remove_match_string(rule)

Arrange for this application to receive messages on the bus that match the given rule. This version will block.

Parameters
rulestr

The match rule

Raises DBusExceptionDBusException

on error.

Since

0.80.0

remove_match_string_non_blocking(rule)

Arrange for this application to receive messages on the bus that match the given rule. This version will not block, but any errors will be ignored.

Parameters
rulestr

The match rule

Raises DBusExceptionDBusException

on error.

Since

0.80.0

remove_message_filter(callable)

Remove the given message filter (see add_message_filter for details).

Raises LookupError

The given callable is not among the registered filters

remove_signal_receiver(handler_or_match, signal_name=None, dbus_interface=None, bus_name=None, path=None, **keywords)
request_name(name, flags=0)

Request a bus name.

Parameters
namestr

The well-known name to be requested

flagsdbus.UInt32

A bitwise-OR of 0 or more of the flags NAME_FLAG_ALLOW_REPLACEMENT, NAME_FLAG_REPLACE_EXISTING and NAME_FLAG_DO_NOT_QUEUE

Returns

REQUEST_NAME_REPLY_PRIMARY_OWNER, REQUEST_NAME_REPLY_IN_QUEUE, REQUEST_NAME_REPLY_EXISTS or REQUEST_NAME_REPLY_ALREADY_OWNER

Raises DBusExceptionDBusException

if the bus daemon cannot be contacted or returns an error.

send_message(msg) → long

Queue the given message for sending, and return the message serial number.

Parameters
msgdbus.lowlevel.Message

The message to be sent.

send_message_with_reply(msg, reply_handler, timeout_s=- 1, require_main_loop=False)dbus.lowlevel.PendingCall

Queue the message for sending; expect a reply via the returned PendingCall, which can also be used to cancel the pending call.

Parameters
msgdbus.lowlevel.Message

The message to be sent

reply_handlercallable

Asynchronous reply handler: will be called with one positional parameter, a Message instance representing the reply.

timeout_sfloat

If the reply takes more than this many seconds, a timeout error will be created locally and raised instead. If this timeout is negative (default), a sane default (supplied by libdbus) is used.

require_main_loopbool

If True, raise RuntimeError if this Connection does not have a main loop configured. If False (default) and there is no main loop, you are responsible for calling block() on the PendingCall.

send_message_with_reply_and_block(msg, timeout_s=- 1)dbus.lowlevel.Message

Send the message and block while waiting for a reply.

This does not re-enter the main loop, so it can lead to a deadlock, if the called method tries to make a synchronous call to a method in this application. As such, it’s probably a bad idea.

Parameters
msgdbus.lowlevel.Message

The message to be sent

timeout_sfloat

If the reply takes more than this many seconds, a timeout error will be created locally and raised instead. If this timeout is negative (default), a sane default (supplied by libdbus) is used.

Returns

A dbus.lowlevel.Message instance (probably a dbus.lowlevel.MethodReturnMessage) on success

Raises dbus.DBusException

On error (including if the reply arrives but is an error message)

set_allow_anonymous(bool)

Allows anonymous clients. Call this on the server side of a connection in a on_connection_added callback

set_exit_on_disconnect(bool)

Set whether the C function _exit will be called when this Connection becomes disconnected. This will cause the program to exit without calling any cleanup code or exit handlers.

The default is for this feature to be disabled for Connections and enabled for Buses.

set_unique_name(str)

Set this application’s unique name on this bus. Raise ValueError if it has already been set.

start_service_by_name(bus_name, flags=0)

Start a service which will implement the given bus name on this Bus.

Parameters
bus_namestr

The well-known bus name to be activated.

flagsdbus.UInt32

Flags to pass to StartServiceByName (currently none are defined)

Returns

A tuple of 2 elements. The first is always True, the second is either START_REPLY_SUCCESS or START_REPLY_ALREADY_RUNNING.

Raises DBusExceptionDBusException

if the service could not be started.

Since

0.80.0

watch_name_owner(bus_name, callback)

Watch the unique connection name of the primary owner of the given name.

callback will be called with one argument, which is either the unique connection name, or the empty string (meaning the name is not owned).

Since

0.81.0